Belgorod (Russian: Áåëãîðîä) is a city in western Russia, situated on the Seversky Donets river just 40 km north from the Ukrainian border. It is the administrative center of Belgorod Oblast. Population: 337,030 (2002 Census). Belgorod is served by Belgorod International Airport (EGO)
The name Belgorod in Russian literally means "a white city", name being a compound of Áåëûé (belyj, “white, light”) and ãîðîä (gorod, “town, city”). The city was thus named after the region being rich in limestone. Etymologically, it corresponds to other Slavic city names of identical meaning: Beograd, Bialogard, Biograd etc.
It was occupied by Nazi Germany in October 25, 1941. During the great Battle of Kursk, the village of Prokhorovka in Belgorod Oblast was a stage of the largest tank battle in the world history (July 12, 1943). It was finally liberated in August 22, 1943 after this battle. The renowned World War II monuments include the Belgorod Diorama and a huge cathedral in Prokhorovka among others.
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